Careful and proper installation is important for ensuring the long-lasting beauty of your Proline Stone Veneer. For nearly all exterior applications, required installation includes a metal lath and scratch coat (also known as cement plaster coating) over a water-resistive barrier. The water-resistive barrier generally consists of two layers of properly applied Grade D paper, which is then covered with metal lath and a mortar scratch coating (cement plaster).
The metal lath/scratch coating may be applied over structurally sound wall surfaces of plywood, OSB, concrete board or gypsum sheathing, supported by wood or steel studs, and over concrete or masonry walls.
For interior applications, stone veneer can be installed over cement board, drywall, and all of the above.
We recommend installing metal lath and scratch coat. The metal lath will prevent the weight of the stone from pulling the nails through the cement board. See www.masonryveneer.org
Yes, two layers of Grade D (15lb felt) paper is required for exterior application.
2.5 pound galvanized, self-furred, metal lath is recommended.
For all exterior applications, install metal lath and scratch coat on the structurally sound rigid sheathing. Note: However, for clean and unpainted concrete and masonry surfaces, stone veneer may be directly applied without use of metal lath/scratch coat. As a further note, when in doubt, install the metal lath and scratch coat.
The lath should be applied horizontally; Surface should be rough as you rub your hand upward. This will make the lath angle down against the wall forming little cups that will help in catching the mortar for the scratch coat.
There should be NO bubbles or bounce in the lath.
Coated roofing nails or screws will suffice. Be sure to penetrate stud 1 inch, and nail every 6” vertically. Overlap the lath 4” at all seams - wrap all corners 16” or attach to stud. When corners are wrapped it is important to nail into the corner stud from both sides. This is where the most stress will develop. If you don’t wrap the corners with lath, you will have cracks next spring!
See bag instructions.
We do not recommend drystacking for exterior applications. The grout line in traditional installations helps to secure stone and keep water out. However, if you do choose a dry stack application, use an upgrade polymer mortar. Be sure to order an additional 15-20% on your stone order.
Type N or S.
Yes, adhesion can be improved by adding a liquid bonding agent to the mortar mix. Follow manufacturer's recommendations.
All lath should be covered with a 1/2" to 3/4" coat of mortar.
Wait until scratch coat is dry or tacky to touch.
Scratch coat can be roughed up with a stiff brush for better adhesion.
Lay out a quantity of stone near work area, blending multiple boxes to ensure proper mix of size shape & color.
To butter the stone, completely cover the back of the stone with ½” mortar. This will ensure a tight seal.
Apply enough pressure so mortar begins to ooze out to the sides of the stone. Use a wiggle action to further set stone. If mortar mix is made correctly, the stone should “hold” fairly quickly – less than 10 seconds.
Cutting or trimming the stones are done best with a mason blade in a skill saw, a diamond saw, a mason hammer or shingle hammer.
Begin by snapping a line to ensure level installation (or use a level occasionally to make sure you are on track). Use the bottom of the stone for determining whether level - this is where the eye focuses. If installing corners, apply corners first, starting at the bottom.
You can have larger or smaller grout joints, but typical installations are ¼ to ½ inch. Whatever your grout joint, be sure the stone is completely sealed around the edges with at least ¼” grout exterior
Rinse off film or residue with 1 part vinegar / 4 parts water, using a soft bristle brush, rinse repeatedly with plain water.
Remove mortar from stone face, as necessary during installation.
Grout bags are available at any hardware store. If the bag has a metal tip remove it and cut a 3/8” hole in bag otherwise it will clog
After the stone has been applied to the surface, fill grout bag 2/3 full with mortar. Fold 2 corners in and roll up end. Fill around stone in a continuous motion.
Be sure to cover any noticeable broken or cut edges with mortar
Use a striking tool to push mortar into any cavities or voids, creating a seal around each stone.
To fill all holes or gaps, to prevent the occupation of pests or water that may cause future problems.
A mason or horsehair brush can be used to brush the joints
A smaller paintbrush is an advantage to getting those smaller areas
Brushing the joints helps to create that clean natural stone look. It will remove any tooling marks made in the mortar.
A mild vinegar and water solution will work; do not use just water as it will leave a milky residue on the stone.
It is not necessary to seal the stone. If sealing is preferred the sealer MUST be breathable.
Use clear non-film forming – Breathable Sealer
- Stone Mason Products
- Any type of non-breathable clear sealer
We recommend a mild solution of granular detergent and water. Soft bristle brushes and rinse with water
Do not use; acid, salt, or other de-icing materials or a wire brush, these will damage the stone.
Flashing should be 4” under the siding and ½” – ¾” over the top of the sill.
Snap a chalk line and fasten 2 x 2 zinc coated angles. Butter sill and set on top of the angles to support. Apply stone underneath sill as normal, covering the exposed leg of the angle. Grout and finish joints. After sills have set, caulk the joint along the back of the sill and the building.
1/2 inch is what we recommend for both visual and strength qualities.
Surface should be level. Use plywood, tar paper, metal lath and about 1/2" of mortar.
River Rock Flats 3” – 12” Diameter 1” – 3 1/4 ” Thick
River Rock Corners 3” - 6" returns
Split Rock/ Granite 4” – 12” Diameter 1” – 11/2" Thick
Split Corners 4" - 7" returns
Ledgestone 4” – 10” Long 1” Thick
1 ½” – 3” High
Ledgestone Corners 4" - 8" returns
Limestone 4”– 14” Long 1 ½ “- 2” Thick
Limestone Corners 3” – 9” returns
Fieldstone 5” – 15” Diameter 1" – 2 5/8" Thick
Fieldstone Corners 3" - 6" returns
Weatheredge 4” – 20” Long 1” – 2 5/8” Thick
1” – 6” High
Weatheredge Corners 3"-9"
100 sq. ft. boxes measure 40 x 48 x 30
10 sq. ft. boxes & 8 ln. ft. boxes measure 23 x 12 x 19